Mohammed J Ali
First Year

Part 1: Energy

How did we use energy at our evolutionary beginnings, and what will power our societies in the deep future?
A million years ago, as a Type 0 Civilization on the Kardashev Scale, we actively changed the solar energy stored in wood to thermal energy. We’re now pushing technology to store sunlight as hydrogen from hydrogen-rust fuel cells or as heat in liquid metal batteries.

Subsequent layers of this timeline will look at politics and economy. Layered one on top of another, a pattern will emerge of connections and relationships. Perhaps we can begin to shape policy for our energy futures based on these results.

One day we might even be harvesting Gamma Ray Bursts as a Type II Civilization.